CORN
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CORN

 Zea mays   For growing instructions and seed specs, soo Cultivation below.

OP=Open Pollinated   H=Hybrid

SWEET CORN VARIETIES


Ambrosia bi-color sweet corn  Ambrosia (se)  74 days  H  A bi-color hybridization of Bodacious with a sweetness that remains long after picking.  8in. ears with 14-16rows of kernels.  Stalks to 7-1/2ft. Resistant to Stewarts wilt.  
#2628  Packet  $3.50  Approximately 50 seeds
#B1-2628   Bulk seed   1lb  $24.50
#B5-2628   Bulk seed   5 lbs  $93.50


Black Aztec corn seed  Black Aztec (70-95 days) OP  This heirloom variety was introduced in 1864 by John Gregory. Vigorous growth; sweet and juicy 8in. ears are white in the milk stage and dry to a deep blue-black.  Stalks to 8ft.
#224  Packet  $3.50  Approximately 30 seeds
#B4z-224   Bulk seed   4 oz.  $13.50
#B1-224   Bulk seed   1 lb.  $28.50
#B5-224   Bulk seed   5 lbs.  $139.50


Bodacious(se)  (75 days)  H  8 inch ears are packed with 18 rows of sweet juicy yellow kernels.  Good for canning, freezing, or eating fresh. Stalks to 7ft. Resistant to corn rust, Northern leaf blight, and Stewarts wilt tolerant
#1193  Packet  $3.50  Approximately 50 seeds
#B1-1193   Bulk seed   1lb  $20.50
#B5-1193   Bulk seed   5 lbs.  $95.50


Bon Appetit (se) - (71 days) H  Uniform production of 7-1/2 inch bicolor ears with 16-18 rows of kernels. 6-1/2ft plants
#9928  Packet  $7.50  Approximately 50 seeds
#B3m-9928  Bulk seed       3000 seeds     $14.50
#B15m-9928  Bulk seed       15000 seeds     $68.50


Butter & Sugar (su) (73 days) H  Sugary enhanced. Standard of excellence in bi-color hybrid corns. Sturdy 5-6 stalks bear 7-8 ears. Good for canning, freezing or eating fresh.  Stalks to 7ft.
#225  Packet  $3.50  Approximately 50 seeds
#B1-225   Bulk seed   1lb  $21.50
#B2-225   Bulk seed   2 lbs.  $38.00


Chires Baby Corn (75-85 days) OP  Up to 30 tiny ears of corn grown on multiple 4-5 ft. stalks. Great for use in stir fries and for canning or pickling. Best if harvested about 5 days after the silks appear.
#226  Packet  $3.50  Approximately 30 seeds


Cocopah (80-100 days) OP  Rare heirloom can be traced to the Colorado Mountain Indians in 1868. Sweet, fast growing with white kernels that turn shades of pink, blue , white and yellow when dry.
#227  Packet  $3.50  Approximately 30 seeds


Country GentlemanShoepeg (88-100 days) OP  This white kernel heirloom from 1891 is still one of the most popular white sweet corns. Yields very well. The kernels are not in rows, but are arranged in a hodge-podge. Stalks to 8ft.
#228  Packet  $3.50  Approximately 50 seeds
#B1-228   Bulk seed   1lb  $17.50
#B2-228   Bulk seed   2 lbs.  $29.50


Delectable (se)  80 days  H- Bicolor version of Incredible with 8-1/2inch ears filled with 14 rows of yellow and white kernels. Disease tolerant (corn rust, maize dwarf mosaic virus, northern leaf blight, Stewarts blight.
#4571  Packet  $4.50  Approximately 50 seeds
#B1-4571   Bulk seed   1lb  $22.50
#B5-4571   Bulk seed   5 lbs  $98.50



Golden Bantam (70-75 days) OP -  Yellow sweet corn that is an Heirloom known from eastern North America at turn of 20th century.  This variety gained it's name, having shorter stalks than most corn of the day, after the smaller chickens from Bantem.  This variety has been parent to many more recent hybrid corns. - Sweet and resistant to lodging. 5-7 in. ears   Stalks to 7ft.
#229  Packet  $3.50  Approximately 50 seeds
#B1-229   Bulk seed   1lb  $15.00
#B2-229   Bulk seed   2 lbs.  $24.50



Honey & Cream (83 days)  - Bicolor sweet corn with 7in. ears with 14 rows of kernels.  Stalks to 7ft.
#3483  Packet  $4.50  Approximately 50 seeds
#B1-3483   Bulk seed   1lb  $20.50
#B2-3483   Bulk seed   2 lbs.  $38.50
#B5-3483   Bulk seed   5 lbs.  $78.50


Honey Select (se x Sh2) (78days)  H -  Supersweet yellow corn with 8 inch ears covered with 18-20 rows of sweet kernels. Stalks to 8ft.
#4823  Packet  $4.50  Approximately 50 seeds
#B1-4823   Bulk seed   1lb  $24.50
#B2-4823   Bulk seed   2 lbs.  $45.50


Illini Extra Sweet corn  Illini Extra Sweet (sh2) (78 days) H  Hybrid supersweet variety. Small 8-9in. ears have 14-18 rows of sweet yellow kernels that hold their sweetness for days after picking. Good cold soil emergence. Requires isolation from other corn varieties. Stalks to 7ft.
#232  Packet  $3.50  Approximately 50 seeds
#B3m-232   Bulk seed   3000 seeds  $37.50
#B2-232   Bulk seed   15000 seeds.  $149.50


Incredible hybrid sweet corn  Incredible(se) (85 days)  H  This hybrid corn produces 18 rows of sweet yellow kernels on every 9 inch ear. Good all-round corn.   Stalks to 7ft.
#1504  Packet  $3.50  Approximately 50 seeds
#B1-1504   Bulk seed   1lb  $22.50
#B2-1504   Bulk seed   2 lbs.  $43.50


Jackpot(se) (85 days) H  Pretty bicolor corn with 8-1/2inch ears covered with 16-18 rows of white and yellow kernels. 6ft stalks.
#347  Packet  $3.50  Approximately 50 seeds
#B1-347   Bulk seed   1lb  $20.50
#B2-347   Bulk seed   2 lbs.   $37.50


Kandy Korn yellow sweet corn
        sugary enhanced  Kandy Korn (se) (85 days) H  Hybrid yellow corn (sugary enhanced) with 8in. ears and 7-8 ft. burgundy colored stalks. Holds sweet flavor for a week after picking. Good for eating or freezing. Stalks to 8ft.
#231  Packet  $3.50  Approximately 50 seeds
#B1-231   Bulk seed   1lb  $21.50
#B2-231   Bulk seed   2 lbs.  $38.50


Peaches and Cream bi-color sweet
        corn  Peaches and Cream(se) (70 days)  H  Very early bicolor corn with 8-1/2in. ears with 14 rows of sweet kernels.  Keeps its sweetness long after picking. Stalks to 7ft.
#1272  Packet  $3.50  Approximately 50 seeds
#B1-1272   Bulk seed   1lb  $20.50
#B2-1272   Bulk seed   2 lbs.  $36.50


Serendipity (se x Sh2) (70days) -  H -  Triplesweet bicolor with 8 inch ears covered with 16-18 rows of sweet kernels. Stalks to 6-1/2ft.
#4885  Packet  $4.50  Approximately 50 seeds
#B1-4885   Bulk seed   1lb  $24.50
#B2-4885   Bulk seed   2 lbs.  $45.50


San Antonio Gold
        Zea mays Yellow Sweet Corn ear  San Antonio Gold (75 days) OP - Heirloom sweet corn, consistent producer. Juicy sweet yellow kernels on ears from 8 to 10 inches. The stalks are shorter than most heirloom corn plants which helps this one to withstand harder winds, and it is good at conserving water as well. You don't have to be a monk contemplating an aqueduct to appreciate the quality of this food.
#5782  Packet  $3.50  Approximately 50 seeds
#B1-5782  Bulk seed       1lb.     $17.50
#B2-5782  Bulk seed       2 lbs.     $29.50



  Silver King (se) (82 days)  H    Ears are 8 inches long and packed with 16-18 rows of sweet white kernels.  Good all-round corn.  Rust tolerant.   Stalks to 6 1/2 ft.
#5435  Packet  $3.50  Approximately 50 seeds
#B1-5435   Bulk seed   1lb  $23.50
#B2-5435   Bulk seed   2 lbs.  $41.50



  Snack Pak (Sh2) (78 days)Dark green leaves and tight 8-1/2 inch ears with 18 rows of tender yellow kernels. Stalks to 8ft.
#9928  Packet  $4.50  Approximately 50 seeds
#B3m-9928   Bulk seed   3000 seeds  $46.50
#B15m-9928   Bulk seed   15000 seeds  $199.50



Stowell's Evergreen (80-100 days) OP  First marketed in 1848 by Nathan Stowell of New Jersey, this remarkable white corn holds it's freshness in the field. Different in that the whole plant can be pulled up and hung upside down and fresh corn harvested for months.
#230  Packet  $3.50  Approximately 30 seeds
#B1-230  Bulk seed       1lb.     $17.50
#B2-230  Bulk seed       2 lbs.     $29.50


Triple Play (60-70 days)  OP  Strong stalks produce multiple ears of tri-color corn (blue, white and yellow).  Good for cool areas.  Pick when the blue kernels appear for sweetest taste.
#532  Packet  $8.50  Approximately 30 seeds


DENT CORN VARIETIES

Boone County White (110 days)  OP  This old favorite is a heavy producer (70-90bushels per acre in favorable conditions) of 10-12 inch ears filled with deep white kernels. 9-12ft plants. Great for roasting ears in the milk stage and an excellent corn meal or animal fodder dried.
#5251  Packet  $3.50  Approximately 50 seeds
#B1-5251   Bulk seed   1lb  $8.00
#B2-5251   Bulk seed   2 lbs.  $15.50



Bloody butcher corn Bloody Butcher  (105 days)  OP   Deeply dented heirloom (earliest recording: 1845)corn with a dark red color.  Very attractive and drought tolerant. 10-12ft plants with 2 ears per stalk.
#3482  Packet  $3.50  Approximately 50 seeds
#B4z-3482  Bulk seed, 4oz  $10.50 
#B1-3482    Bulk seed  1 lb.   $21.50
#B2-3482   Bulk seed   2 lbs.  $39.50


Earthtones Dent  (110 days)  OP Soft colors in matte finished kernels.  Very pretty ornamental doubles as great food. Excellent for cornmeal. 8-10inch ears on 8-10ft plants.
#3444  Packet  $3.50  Approximately 50 seeds
#B1-3444   Bulk seed   1lb  $21.50 approximately 1500 seeds
#B5-3444   Bulk seed   5 lbs.  $101.00


Hickory King (90 days)  OP  Excellent old favorite used to make hominy and grits.  Large white kernels on 9-10 inch ears.
#1269  Packet  $3.50  Approximately 50 seeds
#B1-1269   Bulk seed   1lb  $8.00
#B2-1269   Bulk seed   2 lbs.  $15.50


Oxacan Green cornOaxacan Green Dent (70-75 days) OP  Grown for centuries by the Zapotec people, this variety is a favorite for making green tamales. Pretty green color when dried. For corn, a high protein content (11%)
#236  Packet  $4.50  Approximately 30 seeds
#B4z-236     Bulk seed   4oz   $14.50
#B1-236   Bulk seed   1lb  $30.50
#B5-236   Bulk seed   5 lbs.  $144.50


Pencil Cob (100 days)  OP   Long tapered white kernels sourround narrow cobs, making this corn unique in appearance.  2-3 ears per stalk.  Grows 5-6ft. tall.
#2560  Packet  $3.50  Approximately 50 seeds
#B1-2560   Bulk seed   1lb  $17.50
#B2-2560   Bulk seed   2 lbs.  $28.50



Reid's Yellow Dent (105 days)  OP  9 inch ears with 16 rows of kernels.  Good variety for warm weather areas
#1270  Packet  $3.50  Approximately 50 seeds
#B1-1270   Bulk seed   1lb  $8.00
#B2-1270   Bulk seed   2 lbs.  $15.50


Trucker's Favorite (115 days)  OP  Good roasting ear corn with 8-9 inch ears with 14-18 rows of white corn.
#4058  Packet  $3.50  Approximately 50 seeds
#B1-4058   Bulk seed   1lb  $8.00
#B2-4058   Bulk seed   2 lbs.  $15.50


 FLINT CORN VARIETIES


Anasazi CornAnasazi (100 days) OP  This rare variety was discovered in a dry cave in Utah and carbon dated to 800 years old. Beautiful array of colors & patterns on the kernels, it grinds into an excellent flour.
#233  Packet  $3.50  Approximately 30 seeds


Apache Red (110 days) OP   Traditional variety from the San Carlos Apache.  Color ranges from dark red to black.  Good flour variety.
#534  Packet  $3.50  Approximately 30 seeds


Bear Island Chippewa Flint (85-93 days) OP   8-12 rows in yellow, pink, white, red, blue and stripes.  Good variety for flour or mush.
#535  Packet  $3.50  Approximately 30 seeds


Calais Flint corn Calais Flint (80 days) OP  This rare heirloom variety has been preserved by a single family in Calais, Vermont. Kernels are golden yellow with some red.
#237  Packet  $3.50  Approximately 50 seeds



Hopi Blue (110 days) OP  Variety of the Hopi nation, this drought-tolerant corn has 12 ft. stalks that produce 8in. to 10 in. ears with beautiful blue kernels. Has 20% more protien than many white corns.
#0456645  Packet  $6.50  Approximately 30 seeds


Hopi Pink cornHopi Pink (85-95 days) OP  Rare traditional variety of the Hopi nation, this lovely drought-tolerant corn has 5-6 bushy stalks that produce 8in. ears with pretty pink kernels.
#234  Packet  $6.50  Approximately 20 seeds


Indian Sunset (100 days)  OP  A pretty mix of colors - blue, red, burgundy, white, yellow, and orange. 8-10ft stalks
#1170   Packet   $3.50   Approximately 50 seeds
#B1-1170   Bulk seed   1lb  $8.50 approximately 1800 seeds
#B5-1170   Bulk seed   5 lbs.  $35.50


Mandan Red cornMandan Red (80-85 days) OP  Traditional corn of the Mandan Indians of North Dakota. In the milk stage, the kernels are pale yellow and can be eaten like sweet corn, but when dry, they turn a deep red.
#235  Packet  $4.50  Approximately 30 seeds


Palo Duro Canyon - (100 days) OP - Like it's namesake this hardy flour corn has an array of beautiful colors. Makes good corn meal or flour; and is used as an ornamental.
#5398  Packet  $3.50  Approximately 50 seeds
#B1-5398   Bulk seed   1lb  $8.50 approximately 1800 seeds
#B5-5398   Bulk seed   5 lbs.  $35.50


Taos Blue (100-125 days)  OP  Ancient variety forms 10-12 inch ears with blue-black seeds.  Drought resistant.
#533  Packet  $4.50  Approximately 30 seeds


POPCORN VARIETIES

Chapalote (85-95 days) OP  This ancient variety from Smaloa,Mexico is used to make pinole (a corn drink) and for popcorn. Narrow ears grow to 10in. long and have brown kernels.
#238  Packet  $4.50  Approximately 30 seeds


Japanese Hulless White (Bumblebee) (95-110 days) OP  A favorite white popcorn. 4-5 ft. stalks bear up to 6 ears per plant. Wonderful flavor.
#239  Packet  $3.50  Approximately 50 seeds
#B1-239   Bulk seed   1lb  $16.50
#B2-239   Bulk seed   2 lbs.  $26.50
#B10-239   Bulk seed   10 lbs.  $120.00


Laser corn Laser  (95 days)  OP  Very pretty miniature popcorn with calico stripes and pointed kernels.  Makes a great ornamental as well as a delicious popcorn.
#3445  Packet  $3.50  Approximately 30 seeds
#B4z-3445     Bulk seed   4oz   $19.50
#B1-3445   Bulk seed   1lb  $37.00
#B5-3445   Bulk seed   5 lbs.  $175.00


Mini Blue Popcorn  Mini Blue (108 days)   OP  Miniature blue popcorn - very pretty.
#3446  Packet  $3.50  Approximately 50 seeds
#B4z-3446     Bulk seed   4oz   $18.50
#B1-3446   Bulk seed   1lb  40.00
#B5-3446   Bulk seed   5 lbs.  $188.50


Mini Pink (108 days)   OP   Miniature popcorn with pink to light purple striped kernels.
#3447  Packet  $3.50  Approximately 50 seeds
#B4z-3447     Bulk seed   4oz   $15.50
#B1-3447   Bulk seed   1lb  $26.50 approximately 1500 seeds
#B5-3447   Bulk seed   5 lbs.  $125.00


Rainbow (110 Days)  OP  Rainbow of vibrant colors.  Vigorous plants are very productive.
#1093  Packet  $3.50  Approximately 50 seeds
#B1-1093   Bulk seed   1lb  $10.50 approximately 1500 seeds
#B5-1093   Bulk seed   2 lbs.  $37.50


Shaman Blue popcorn

Shaman's Blue (112 days) OP  This hybrid popcorn has lovely blue kernels that pop up big and fluffy.
#240 Packet, $5.50 Approximately 30 seeds
#B1-240   Bulk seed   1lb  $31.50
#B2-240   Bulk seed   2 lbs.  $52.50


South American Yellow (110 days) OP -  Late corn with large golden kernels.  Pops white and crunchy.  7-1/2inch ears.  Stalks to 7ft
#5783  Packet  $3.50  Approximately 50 seeds
#B1-5783   Bulk seed   1lb  $16.50
#B2-5783   Bulk seed   2 lbs.  $26.50
#B10-5783   Bulk seed   10 lbs.  $120.00


Strawberry Pop Corn

Stawberry (110 days) OP-   2-3in. ears are borne on 4ft. stalks. Can be dried - it's a lovely red - or popped.
#241 Packet $3.50 Approximately 50 seeds
#B1-241   Bulk seed   1lb  $22.50
#B5-241   Bulk seed   5 lbs.  $100.50


CULTIVATION

Corn is one of the most popular and easiest crops to grow. The exact origins are unknown, but it is suspected that the modern day corn originated in tropical America or what is now southern Mexico.  Also known as maize, domestic corn is an annual plant and usually grows between 8 - 12ft tall.  The plants have a single stalk which have 17-20 nodes from which grow single leaves.  The leaves are long (up to 4ft) and wide (up to 4inches).   Flowers are monoecious (either male or female). At some of the nodes, female flowers develop that are wrapped in layers of leaves (husks) with silks (elongated stigmas) protruding from the ear.  At the top of the stalk, the male flowers are produced (tassels) which drop pollen onto the silks, pollinating the plant.   Once fertilized, the end of the silk inside the husk develops into a kernel, or seed.  Corn ears will have many rows of kernels which can be white, yellow, blue, grey, red, green, orange, white, brown, or black, depending on the variety. 

Due to its nutritional and space requirements, corn is best propagated by seed sown directly into the garden.  Make certain to wait until the soil has warmed enough for the variety you are planting.  Cold germinating varieties can be planted at 55F soil temperature, but warm germinating types must have at least 65F soil temperature.  Temperatures that are too low will cause the seeds to rot without germinating.  It is best to cultivate the soil and work in a generous amount of compost or well rotted manure.  Plant the seeds in blocks of at least 4 rows rather than in one long row.  This allows for better pollination and avoids half filled ears.  Supersweet  (sh2) varieties should be planted at least 25-30ft (100ft for acre plantings) from other types. (As an alternative, stagger plantings of Supersweets and other types, separating by at least 10 days to avoid cross-pollination.)  There are two methods to planting - row planting or hill planting.  ROW PLANTING:  Sow one seed every 4 inches at a depth of 1inch in rows 30-36inches apart.  HILL PLANTING: Sow 3-4 seeds every 24-30inches at a depth of 1inch in rows 30-36inches apart.

Frequent cultivation is necessary to keep weeds down and avoid the robbing of nutrients.  If suckers develop at the base of the plants, leave them as they help the plant absorb extra nutrients.  Watch for insect pests.

HARVEST:  (Sweet Corn) When the silks turn brown and the kernels are full and milky,  (Popcorn) Pick ears when the kernels are hard and shiny.  Place ears in a dry location to cure the ears.  Ears can be stored in the husk or shelled.  Popcorn stores best at 13-14% moisture content.  (Flour, Flint, Pod) When the kernels are mature and dry

TYPES OF CORN
Various types of corn are available bred for a variety of uses:
Dent corn (Zea mays indentata)  (Field corn) - A high starch content; used for flour, cornmeal, masa; also used in the manufacture of plastic, ethanol  Yellow or white; named for
        the dimple (or dent) in the kernels
Flint corn (Zea mays indurata) (Indian corn, Calico corn) - Kernels have a very hard outer layer; low water content, resists freezing more than other varieties; multicolored,yellow;
        used for hominy,popping, feed, ornamental
Flour corn (Zea mays amylacea) -Kernels have a thin protective layer and soft starchy center; used primarily for corn flour
Pod corn (Zea mays var.tunicata-  A mutation of early corn; each kernel is surrounded by a husk; muticolored
Popcorn (Zea mays everta) - A subspecies of flint corn; kernels have a hard outer layer surrounding a soft starchy seed
Sweet corn  (Zea mays saccarata  Syn. Zea mays rugosa) - Grown for picking immature, before the kernels convert from sugar to starch.

SEED SPECS:
SWEET CORN:  su & se types: Average 2500 seeds per pound;   Seeding Rate: 1000 seeds per 500ft, 30000 seeds per acre
SWEET CORN: sh2 types:  Average 3000 seeds per pound;  Seeding Rate: 1000 seeds per 500ft, 30000 seeds per acre 
SWEET CORN: open pollinated: Average 2500 seeds per pound; Seeding Rate: 1000 seeds per 500ft, 30000 seeds per acre 
POPCORN:  Average 4200 seeds per pound ;  Seeding Rate: 4200 seeds per 2400ft., 28800 seeds per acre at 2seeds per ft. in rows 36inches apart
MINI POPCORN:  Average 7800 seeds per pound;  Seeding Rate: 7800 seeds per 4800ft; 56000 seeds per acre at 2seeds per ft. in rows 36inches apart
FLINT, FLOUR & POD: Average 1400 seeds per pound;  Seeding Rate: 1400 seeds per 800ft,  29900 seeds per acre at 2seeds.per ft. in rows 36inches apart


Soil temperature for
      planting corn seed
There is great diversity in the corn varieties that we offer; which make the general information provided in this graph only valuable as an adjustable guideline. Generally the newer hybrids are much lighter seeds, therefore you will have a larger seed count per weight. This may also affect your seed planting and propagation strategies and the germination rates under your planting conditions may vary from the seed lot test results. The following soil temperature data is for corn in general: Temperatures are average daytime from planting to emergence. Percentage is average germination rate. Days is number of days to emergence. 41ºF x 0% x 0 days;   50ºF x 47% x 22 days;   59ºF x 97% x 12 days;   68ºF x 97% x 7 days;   77ºF x 98% x 4 days;   86ºF x 91% x 4 days;   95ºF x 88% x 3 days;   104ºF x 10% x 3 days;
TIPS:    SEED GERMINATION
The seeds of most agronomic crops including, corn and beans lack an intrinsic dormancy; however, this is a characteristic of the cultivars, not the species, and has been selected through breeding. The seeds of most plant species, are not initially competent for germination and may benefit from processes of scarification, stratification, etc. such as a simulated over-wintering period; or at least a planting date and rate allowance for the different requirements of moisture, temperature, time to emergence, etc. in larger seeds and seeds with larger and harder hulls and integuments. Current university recommendations for planting dates in your area usually apply to the new hybrid, treated, agronomic varieties and may need to be adjusted when applied to heirloom varieties.
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