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Brassica oleracea;    For growing instructions and seed specs, see Cultivation below

OP - Open pollinated    Hybrid - Hybrid type

Brassica oleracea
        Copenhagen Market  Copenhagen Market (63-100 days)  OP - Introduced in 1909.  Compact plants bear 3-4 pound heads that resist cracking.
#526  Packet  $3.50   Approximately 100 seeds
#B1z-526  Bulk Seed   1 oz.  $8.50
#B4z-526  Bulk Seed   4 oz.  $10.50
#B1-526  Bulk Seed   1 lb.  $22.00
#P-526A One Plant in 2-1/2inch pot; $4.50
#P6-526   Six Plants- moist root shipping pack;   $11.50

Danish Ballhead (100 days)  OP - Blue green 7-8 inch round heads with a short stem.
#9773  Packet  $3.50   Approximately 100 seeds
#B1z-9773  Bulk Seed   1 oz.  $8.50
#B4z-9773  Bulk Seed  4oz    $12.50
#B1-9773 Bulk seed 1lb; $21.50

Early Jersey Wakefield Cabbage
        Brassica oleracea  Early Jersey Wakefield (60-75 days) - OP - 2-4 lb heads; Compact size and conical heads make this heirloom a great space-saving variety for smaller gardens. Introduced from the Isle of Jersey in the mid-1800ft.s, it was perfected by Peter Henderson, a truck gardener from New Jersey who bred its current properties. Matures in 70-80 days from seed and is resistant to yellows disease.
#218  Packet  $3.50   Approximately 100 seeds
#B1z-218  Bulk Seed   1 oz.  $8.50
#B4z-218  Bulk Seed   4 oz.  $10.50
#B1-218  Bulk Seed   1 lb.  $22.00
#P-218A One Plant in 2-1/2inch pot; $4.50

Golden Acre (67 days) - OP - 6-7 inch round firm heads weigh in at around 3lbs.
#4562  Packet  $3.50   Approximately 100 seeds
#B1z-4562  Bulk Seed   1 oz.  $8.50
#B4z-4562  Bulk Seed   4 lb.  $12.50
#B1-4562 Bulk seed 1lb; $25.50

Greenboy (80 days) - Hybrid -  Mid season 3lb green heads with solid white interior. Very tolerant of wet and dry conditions that produce stress on other varieties. Resistant FY. Good shipper.
#9914  Packet  $5.50,  Approximately 100 seeds
#Bm-9914  Bulk Seed   1000 count  $10.50

Late Flat Dutch Cabbage
        Brassica oleracea  Late Flat Dutch (100 days) - OP - Huge 10-17lb firm heads resist cracking; This heirloom variety was a favorite with the early Dutch settlers.
#219  Packet  $3.50   Approximately 100 seeds
#B1z-219  Bulk Seed   1 oz.  $8.50
#B4z-219  Bulk Seed   4 oz.  $10.50
#B1-219  Bulk Seed   1 lb.  $22.00
#P-219A One Plant in 2-1/2inch pot; $4.50

Mammoth Red Rock Cabbage
        Brassica oleracea  Mammoth Red Rock (90 Days)  OP - Heirloom variety with 6lb slightly flattened, purple-red heads.  Dependable producer.
#1091  Packet  $3.50   Approximately 100 seeds
#B1z-1091  Bulk Seed   1 oz.  $8.50
#B4z-1091  Bulk Seed   4 oz.  $10.50
#B1-1091  Bulk Seed   1 lb.  $22.00
#P-1091A One Plant in 2-1/2inch pot; $4.50

OS Cross Cabbage Brassica oleracea  OS Cross (80 days) - Hybrid - F1 Hybrid All-American winner.  Large uniform heads weighing 10 lbs or more.  Good vigorous producer.
#824  Packet  $7.50,  Approximately 100 seeds
#Bm-824  Bulk seed  $12.50,  1000 seeds

Red Acre (80 days) - OP - Pretty 3 lb red heads are firm and solid. One of the most popular of the red cabbages.
#5663  Packet  $3.50   Approximately 100 seeds
#B1z-4563  Bulk Seed     $8.50
#B4z-4563  Bulk Seed    $12.50
#B1-4563  Bulk Seed 1lb   $25.50

Stonehead (78 days) - Hybrid -  5-6lb heads are firm, blue green.  Favorite variety of growers - produces very well, stores and ships well.
#1243  Packet  $5.50,  Approximately 100 seeds
#Bm-1243  Bulk Seed   1000 count  $12.50

Tropic Giant (80 days) - Hybrid -  Huge 10-12lb heads are mid green. Heat tolerant and slow to bolt. Heads resist cracking. Good choice for summer planting or warm climates.
#9915  Packet  $10.50,  Approximately 100 seeds
#Bm-9915  Bulk Seed   1000 count  $18.50


Blues Cabbage Brassica oleracea  Blues (57 days) - Hybrid -   Napa type cabbage with crisp green 4-5 lb  heads.  Disease resistant and slow to bolt.
#3463  Packet  $3.50   Approximately 100 seeds
#Bm-3463  Bulk Seed   1000 count  $4.95
#B10m-3463  Bulk Seed   10,000 count  $26.99

Michihili Cabbage Brassica
      oleracea  Michihili (70 days) - OP - Firm narrow heads have dark green outer leaves and nearly white ribs. Does best in cooler temperatures; good fall or spring crop.
#217  Packet  $3.50   Approximately 100 seeds
#B4z-217  Bulk Seed   4 oz.  $6.50
#B1-217  Bulk Seed   1 lb.  $14.80
#P-217A One Plant in 2-1/2inch pot; $4.50

Joi Choi Cabbage Brassica
        oleracea  Joi Choi (45 days) - Hybrid - A faster-growing and larger type than Pak Choi, it has dark green leaves up to 11 inches long.  Mild flavor.
#686  Packet  $3.50  Approximately 50 seeds

Pak Choi (50 days)  -OP -Non-heading leaf type with clusters of 12 inch wide celery-like stalks.  Hardy in cool weather, grows fast and stands well.
#649  Packet  $3.50  Approximately 60 seeds


Cabbage is one of the oldest recorded vegetables used and one of the easiest vegetables to grow.  A member of the Mustard family, Brassicaceae (or Cruciferae), it is  related to mustard, broccoli, cauliflower, kale, brussel sprouts and kohlrabi.  Cabbages vary in shape from round to elongated to flat.  The leaves may be dark or light green, red or purple.  Cabbage is divided into threee group: early, mid season and late cabbage.

Cabbage grow best in cool climates and will grow in any well drained soil rich in humus.  A light sandy soil that warms up quickly in the spring is best for early crops.  Early season varieties are not best suited to storing, so use them for spring and early summer crops. Stick with mid and late season types for winter storage. 

Cabbage is propagated by sowing seed.  The seeds may be direct sowed or seedlings can be grown for transplants.  For transplants, sow seed in pots or trays using a fine sterile medium (1 part sand to 2 parts sphagnum peat works very well).  Sow seed and cover to a depth of 1/4 inch.  Keep moist at about 75F until seedlings emerge, then lower the temperaure to about 70F daytime and 55 night time.   When seedlings show their first true leaves, transplant to flats or cold frames about 2-3 inches apart each way.  When the weather has settled in the spring and nighttime temperatures stay above 55F, they may be planted outdoors.  Plant 18-24 inches apart in rows 24-36 inches apart  (The larger the mature head, the further apart the plants should be.)   Set the plants out and 'puddle' (fill the planting hole with water) or water thoroughly after planting.  Cultivate regularly to keep weeds down and make certain to water the plants during dry spells to prevent cracking of the heads.   A dressing of humus or leaf mold is beneficial (or an application of a 5-10-5 fertilize, at a rate of 25lbs to 1000sq ft.)

To sow directly into the garden in full sun, wait until the spring weather has settled and danger of a severe freeze has passed.  (see temperature graph below.)  Work the soil so that it is fine.  Working in humus, peat moss or leaf mold will give the plants a boost.  Sow 1 seed every 6 inches in shallow drills in rows 24-36 inches apart.  Cover lightly to a depth of 1/4 inch.  Keep the seeds moist until they sprout, then thin seedlings to 18-24 inches apart.  Water, cultivate and fertilize as above.

HARVEST : Cut the heads when mature.  Late varieties can be left in the garden until late fall, but should be harvested before a heavy freeze.  Choose only firm heads and remove any injured leaves before storing.  The heads can be wrapped in wax paper separately, hung by their stems or stored on shelves at about 32F at 95% humidity. 

The humble cabbage is an amazingly beneficial food.  A rich source of vitamins B6, C and K. It is also a source of beneficial phytochemicals that may protect against stomach ulcer and colon cancers. 

Medicinally, cabbage has been used to treat constipation, an antidote for mushroom poisoning, and to treat hangovers.  An eye wash has been made from

SEED SPECS:  Average 7000 seeds per ounce
SEEDING RATE:  100 seeds per 50ft row;  79,000 to 112,000 seeds per acre st 2-3 seeds per foot with rows 36 inches apart (depends on cultivar size)

Graph of soil
        temperatures for planting cabbage seeds
There is great diversity in the cabbage varieties that we offer; which makes the general information provided only valuable as adjustable guidelines. This may also affect your seed planting and propagation strategies and the germination rates under your planting conditions may vary from the seed lot test results. The following soil temperature data is for cabbages in general. Temperatures are average daytime from planting to emergence. Percentage is average germination rate. Days is number of days to emergence.
32ºF x 0% x 0 days; 41ºF x 27% x 27 days; 50ºF x 78% x 15 days; 59ºF x 93% x 9 days; 68ºF x 99% x 6 days; 77ºF x 99% x 5 days; 86ºF x 89% x 4 days; 95ºF x 0% x 0 days;


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