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AESCULUS    Seedlings, Seeds and Dried Herb 

(Plant heights are given at maturity)

Aesculus are hardy deciduous trees or large shrubs, natives of Europe and North America.  Propagation is mainly by seed, but many times A. hippocastanum is used as rootstock for bred varietiesSeeds are best sown outdoors and allowed to stratify naturally, but they can be force stratified by using the cold methodPruning is best done in late winter or very early spring before the trees bud out.  The central leader system is most often used.

All varieties are attractive with spring blooms of white or yellow tinged with red, or (A. pavia) red.  Aesculus hippocastanum was planted frequently in the US as a street tree, but lost popularity due to its large size and tendency to develop leaf scorch in some areas of the country.  It is easily recognized by its digitate leaves and spring flower spikes. 

aesculus hippocastanum horse chestnut seed plant tree seedling herb   Horse Chesnut (Aesculus hippocastanum) Large tree with digitate leaves and spikes of white yellow-blotched blooms in spring, follwed by clusters of spiky fruits which surround the seed.  Makes a good shade tree, but requires plenty of room to reach its full potential.  Prefers a well drained loamy soil, but will adapt to nearly any soil with sufficient water.  The tree's wood is white, but is not particularly strong.  It is often used to make children's toys and the backs of scrub brushes.  The seeds have been used to produce acetone.  Hardy to -40F (-40C); height: 75ft.
#1472    Packet   $7.50   Approximately 10 seeds
#B1lb-1472G     Horse chestnut powder  1lb  $28.95

ohio buckeye aesculus glabra   Ohio Buckeye (Aesculus glabra)  Ohio's state tree provides dense shade and nuts which resemble chestnuts, with a dark brown shiny coat and tan eye. Pale yellow flowers appear in the spring, followed by the seeds.  Seeds are slightly poisonous, but Native Americans (who called the nuts 'hetuck') roasted, peeled and mashed them into meal, which they used as food.  (Heating and leaching remove the toxins from the nuts).  Early settlers believed that carrying a buckeye nut in the pocket protected one from bad luck, rheumatism, and ensured wisdom.  More recently, the tree's wood has been preferred in the manufacture of artificial limbs, due to its lightweight, non-splitting qualities.  On a less attractive note, the tree has also been called Fetid Buckeye or Stinking Buckeye due to the unpleasant odor of the crushed leaves.  Hardy to -20F (-28.8C); height: 35ft.
#1471    Packet   $15.00   Approximately 10 seeds
#P1471H     12-18inch seedling    $29.95
#P3-1471H  Three trees   (12-18inch seedlings)    $39.95
#P12-1471H  Twelve trees   (12-18inch seedlings)    $49.95

aesculus pavia red buckeye   Red Buckeye (Aesculus pavia) - Spreading flowering shrub or small tree with a glorious display of red blooms in spring.  Best in moist, well drained soil in a sunny location.   Hardy to -20F (-28.8C); height: 35ft.
#1605    Packet   $11.50   Approximately 10 seeds
#P1605H     2-3ft. seedling    $42.95
#P3-1605H  Three trees   (2-3ft. seedlings)    $59.95


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